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1. What is medicine?
According to the World Health Organization, pharmaceuticals are generally understood as follows: Pharmaceuticals, also called medicines, consist of two basic components, Western medicine and traditional medicine. Drugs must ensure the safety, effectiveness and good quality are prescribed shelf life and use in reasonable doses. In Vietnam, before the introduction of the Pharmacy Law in June 2005, the concept of a pharmaceutical product was also mentioned in many documents of the Ministry of Health, of which the most recent ones are as follows.

firefox_icon_on_a_computer_screen-1000x6According to the provisions of the "Regulation on drug registration" promulgated together with the Health Minister's Decision 3121 / QD-BYT of July 18, 2001, "Drugs are products intended for human use to prevent and treat diseases. disease, symptom relief, diagnosis and or correction of physiological functions. Finished drug means a form of drug that has gone through all stages of manufacture for circulation, distribution and use. Medicinal materials are active (active) or inactive substances (solvents, excipients) involved in the composition of products during the manufacturing process.

What is medicine?
What is medicine?

- Western drugs include:

+ Pharmaceutical and biological raw materials used as medicine

+ Pharmacological and biological finished products Traditional medicines are drugs used exactly as ancient books (medical literature) have recorded: number of medicinal herbs, quantity of each unit, method of preparation, dosage, method of administration and indication use medicine.

New drug means a drug that the formulation contains a new active ingredient, a drug with a new combination of active ingredients or a new dosage form, new indication, new route of administration ... " According to Circular No. 07/2004 / TT -BYT of May 31, 2004 of the Ministry of Health guiding the import and export of medicines and cosmetics directly affecting human health, pharmaceuticals include:

+ Materials, auxiliary materials and dozen packages used in drug manufacture

+ The finished drug product has been granted a registration number in Vietnam

+ The finished drug product does not have a registration number in Vietnam but is needed for treatment needs

+ Medicinal materials, essential oils, and plant-based medicinal products will be processed for use in the pharmaceutical industry. Looking at the two documents above, it can be seen that the above two pharmaceutical concepts are inconsistent. The concept of pharmaceuticals includes both medicinal herbs and essential oils, which are more widely used by medicinal herbs, essential oils not only used in drug preparation technology but also in the production of traditional medicines, directly related to the health of the people.

In addition, the pharmaceutical concept in the above documents does not include vaccines, some chemicals, medical biological products, etc., managed by the Department of Medical Equipments or Department of Preventive Medicine. . Stemming from that view of Vietnam Drug Administration

- The state management agency in charge of pharmaceuticals is under the Ministry of Health, so the statistics on pharmaceutical production and import till the end of 2005 are often inaccurate, so the State management of the production activities, Pharmaceutical business in Vietnam is still not really unified. According to the Pharmacy Law dated June 14, 2005, pharmaceuticals are understood as follows:

+ Pharmaceuticals are drugs and drug-related activities

+ Drugs are substances or mixtures of substances used for human beings for the purposes of preventing, treating, diagnosing or adjusting physiological functions, including finished medicines, medicine materials, vaccines and biologicals. medical, except functional foods.

Thus, it is generally possible to understand the concept of pharmaceutical products in Vietnam as follows: Pharmaceuticals must be products for human use with the purpose of preventing, curing or adjusting physiological functions of the body, having the component use indications, contraindications are clear. Pharmaceuticals include finished products and materials for manufacturing medicines, vaccines and medical biologicals.

The pharmaceutical concept in Vietnam has some differences compared to the pharmaceutical concept of some other developed countries like the US and EU. In these countries they see medical devices (contraceptives), some biological products and therapeutic chemicals are also pharmaceuticals and unify a state management agency.

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2. Position and role of pharmaceutical products
Since ancient times, the use of drugs in prevention, treatment and health promotion has become an indispensable need for human life. According to the development of the pharmaceutical industry, many new drugs have been discovered and http://xadan.divivu.com many dangerous diseases and diseases have been overcome. Today, medicine has become an important and indispensable weapon in human struggle to fight diseases to improve health and prolong life.

Research on effective use of drugs and the production of new drugs has become a special field that attracts the application of the latest scientific achievements to help people find therapies against The development of disease tends to be increasingly complex and dangerous. Especially in recent years, the role of drugs in the care and protection of the people's health has been paid attention not only to health policy makers, but also to a large number of patients and the general public. general special attention.

In addition, the issue of ensuring health care drugs for the people is one of the important standards in the system of world standards for assessing a country's living standards. Ensuring medicine in many cases is associated with saving lives or deaths of humans. The lack of medicine can cause anxiety, negatively affecting the socio-political life, so it is still a question of ensuring that the drug is still a sensitive social issue that the leaders of any country. Everyone is interested.

The particularly important role of the pharmaceutical industry for people

At any given time, the Pharmacist has a very important role. Because pharmacists have a direct impact on people's health and lives. Pharmacists not only play a role in diagnosing, prescribing and guiding patients, but also need to have professional mind and ethics. Any profession should raise professional ethics. The famous physician once said: "Taoism is a magician that protects people's lives, must take care of people's worries, joy their joys, only take the lives of those who do their duty, Should not take advantage of. The Pharmacists must always try to improve their qualifications and knowledge; persistent, meticulous, patient, striving to become the Pharmacist of the people.

Position and role of pharmaceuticals

Position and role of pharmaceuticals

3. What are the characteristics of the pharmaceutical?
Pharmaceuticals is also a commodity, so in a market economy it also carries all the attributes of the goods and the price of the drug complies with the law of supply and demand in the market. The production and supply of pharmaceuticals are always strictly controlled by the economic laws of goods such as the value law, the competition law, ...

In addition, pharmaceuticals also have very specific features: Highly social: Pharmaceutical products are a special commodity that directly affects the health of human beings, which need to be absolutely ensured. quality, safe and rational and effective and economical use. Therefore, it requires the strict management and support of the State and ministries in researching, trading, importing, exporting and distributing in order to ensure sociality and humanity in drug consumption. Healing.

There is high content of gray matter and advanced technology, technology: To have a new drug, one must use the achievements of many sciences (chemistry, biology, physics, etc.). ..and today it is also information technology - the design of new drug elements by means of electronic computer modeling), technical equipment for research and production. Huge cost for research and development: The average time to invent a new drug and put it into use is about 10 years, at a cost of about 250 - 300 million USD.

The probability of success ranges from 1 / 10,000 to 1/1000. The new drug needs to be clinically tested in about 40,000 people. Therefore, research of new pharmaceuticals is mostly concentrated in developed countries with large budgets. Developing countries mainly export pharmaceutical materials and acquire copyrights to manufacture drugs from foreign pharmaceutical companies or import finished medicines for domestic consumption.

A highly-monopoly and profitable business: New drugs on the market are often associated with industrial monopolies owned by pharmaceutical companies that have invested in production research. . Usually, new drugs come in first-time prices with very expensive monopolies, so that proprietary pharmaceutical companies with superprofit profits can quickly recover the research investment costs.

Strictly follow the quality standards of each country and the world: The general regulations governing pharmaceuticals in different countries are different. These standards are especially strict in developed countries like USA, EU. However, pharmaceutical products in all countries that want to reach out to the world must meet pharmaceutical standards including Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) standards.

- Good medicine production standard), GLP (Good Laboratory Practice)

- Good drug testing standards), GSP (Good Storage Practice)

- Good drug storage standard), GDP (Good Distribution Pratice

- Good drug distribution standards) and GPP (Good Pharmacy Practice)

- Standard of good pharmacy practice) of the World Health Organization WHO.

The drug market also has special properties compared to the market of other consumer goods. In general, the people who have a decisive role in purchasing medicine are physicians rather than users (patients) while for other consumer goods consumers decide for themselves on the kind of goods they need to buy, In many countries, patients (consumers of drugs) are not the ones who pay for the drugs they use, but rather are covered by the state health insurance. For ordinary goods, the nature and use value are the two basic properties on which consumers choose and decide.

For drugs, it is clear that only specialists can afford to evaluate these two properties. Drug consumption is deeply influenced by the socio-economic situation, living standards, lifestyles and disease patterns that characterize each stage of development. In fact, the current situation of pharmaceutical development in the world has clearly demonstrated this: The socio-economic differences and people's living standards have led to unequal pharmaceutical production and distribution in countries.

Drugs are mainly concentrated in manufacturing and distributing in developed countries in 3 regions of Europe, North America and Japan where people have a high standard of living although their population accounts for only 10% of the world population. gender. In contrast, the rest of the countries in Asia, Latin America, and Africa account for a large population, while the production and distribution of drugs makes up only a very small part of the total sales of pharmaceuticals produced, distribution.

People in developing countries also have few opportunities to access new drugs because the prices of these drugs are too high compared to their average income. Differences in disease patterns also have a significant impact on drug consumption in many countries. For developed countries, drug consumption is mostly cardiovascular, mental - neurological, gastrointestinal and secretory diseases. Meanwhile, in developing countries like Vietnam, drug consumption is mainly associated with infections and parasites ... With the article "What is pharmaceuticals? Position, role and characteristics of pharmaceuticals "hopefully you will understand more about pharmaceuticals.
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